Biology 2nd Year MCQs Chapter 9 Biotechnology.MCQs and answer keys for the second-year chapter 9 material on biotechnology in biology. Every multiple-choice question (MCQ) comes from a previous exam from 2014–2015–2016–2017–2018.
2nd Year Biology MCQs
The following names are given to the enzymes that are utilised to cut off the gene of interest: (SWL. GI, 2014) (SWL. 2017)
(A) DNA ligase (B) The enzyme DNA polymerase (C) The enzyme RNA polymerase (D) Restriction Endonuclease
The following are the mechanisms that allow for the introduction of recombinant DNA into the host cell: (DGK. GI, 2014)
(A) The Vector (B) The Phage (C) The Bacterium (D) The Fungus
The following enzymes are responsible for the joining of the two bits of DNA: (DGK, GII, 2014)
DNA polymerase, DNA ligase, and restriction endonuclease are the three enzymes that make up DNA (D) The DNA polymerase-1 enzyme
The two separate bits of DNA that have been linked together are referred to as: (LHR. GI, 2015)
A: DNA that is dimeric B: DNA that is chimaeric C: DNA that is trimeric D: DNA that is tetrameric
Eco R1 is an example of a frequently employed: (GRW. GII, 2015)
Bacteriophage (B), Restriction Enzyme (C), and Bacteria (D) are the three categories.
PBR 322 has genes for resistance to the following antibiotics: (BWP. GI, 2015)
Tetracycline and ampicillin (A), tetracycline and ampicillin (B), ampicillin and tetracycline (C), ampicillin and tetracycline (D), streptomycin and tetracycline
(SGD. GI, 2017) PSC 101 has the antibiotic resistance gene for the following: (AJK. 2018)
Tetracycline, Ampicillin, Neomycin, and Ergotine are the antibiotics that come in this order.
Alan is the species Thermus aquaticus (LHR. GII, 2016)
(A) Fungus (B) Protozoans.
The whole complement of genes that make up an individual is referred to as: (SGD. GI, 2014) (GRW. DGK. GII, 2017)
A is for the genome, B is for the genotype, C is for the karyotype, and D is for dominance.
In 1983, the following people created what is now known as the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): (MLN. GI, 2014)
(A) Kary B. Mullis (B) Gottlieb Haberlandt (C) Theodore M. Klein (D) Craig Venter
The PCR technique gets its name from the enzyme in a cell that is responsible for replicating DNA: (GRW. GI, 2014)
A is for DNA Polymerase, B is for DNA Polymerase II, C is for DNA Ligase, and D is for Restriction Enzymes.
The following are some of the ways in which cases of contested parentage can be resolved: (BWP. GI, 2014)
A) DNA Finger Printing B) RNA Finger Printing C) Cloning D) Gene Sequencing A) DNA Finger Printing B) RNA Finger Printing
The fragments of the genome can be distinguished from one another according to the lengths of: (SGD. GI, 2015)
(FBD. GI, 2016)
Electrophoresis on gels (A), polymerase chain reaction (B), cloning (C), and gene therapy (D)
DNA fingerprints can be distinguished from the following: (FBD. GI, 2017)
Plasma (A), lymph (B), serum (C), blood (D), and blood plasma
The following terms refer to organisms that have had a gene from another species introduced into them: (DGK.CII. 2016)
Hermaphrodites, polygenesis, transgenic creatures, and transmuted organisms are the answers to these questions.
Biotechnology is responsible for the production of Anti Thrombin III, which may be found in ISGD and GI.
The answers are: (A) Sheep (B) Goat (C) Mice (D) Cow
Urine is a better delivery system for a biotechnology product than the following options: (SWL. GI, 2016)
(A) Milk\s(B) Blood\s(C) Plasma\s(D) Tissue Fluid
Polyhydroxy butyrate is called: (LIR. GI, 2017)
Antithrombin Ill (A), Nutra Sweet (B), and Biodegradable Plastic (C) are the three options.
Patients who have the genetic disorder cystic fibrosis are missing a gene that codes for the transmembrane carrier of: (FBD, GI. 2014 percent DGE. GI, SGD). GI. 2015 (LIIR. SWL BWP. 2018)
(A) Chloride ion (B) Sodium ion (C) Calcium ion (D) Magnesium ion
In 1958, F.C. Steward was the first person to grow a whole carrot plant from a fragment of: (LIIR. GII. 2014) (A) Phloem (B) Xylem (C) Pith (D) Cortex
The process of cultivating a tissue in an artificial liquid media for growth is known as: (FBD. GI, 2015)
(A) Cloned Animals (B) Genetically Engineered Organisms (C) Cultured Tissues (D) Gene Treatment
Meristem is: (RWP. GI, 2017)
(A) Free of viruses (B) Free of bacteria (C) Free of fungi (D) Free of other pathogens
An insect that is more widely known as (BWP. G1, 2016) is responsible for the production of the enzyme luciferase (SGD. 2018)
The housefly, the butterfly, and the caddis fly are seen here (D) Firefly
The mouse-eared cress is a weed that has been genetically modified to create a biodegradable plastic that is called: (GRW. G1, 2016)
phenylalanine, luciferin, digitoxin, polyhydroxy butyrate, and polyhydroxy butyrate D
The following are the sources from which the antibody used in the treatment of genital herpes is obtained: (LIR, GJI, 2015)
A: Corn B: Soybeans C: Rice D: Wheat A: Corn B: Soybeans D: Wheat
When sprayed with the substrate, adult transgenic tobacco plants emitted a glowing light: (DGK, GII, 2015)
A is for luciferin, B for myoglobin, C for haemoglobin, and D for methionine.
In, Hamilton Smith was the first person to isolate a restriction enzyme (MLN. GI, 2017)
(A) 1950 (B) 1960 (C) 1970 (D) 1980
Additional multiple-choice questions from the second-year unit 9 on biotechnology in biology
This led to the discovery of the first restriction enzyme: (RWF. G1. 2017)
(A) Kary Mullis (B) Hamilton (C) Sanger (D) Mendel
The following are the products that are produced by cell suspension cultures of Cinchona ledgeriana: (RWP. GII, 2017)
(A) Aspartine (B) Cinchorine (C) Quinine (D) Quina Quina
Patients with cystic fibrosis frequently pass away as a result of many infections with: (LJIR. GI, 2017) (0CK. 2018)
A is for the respiratory tract, B is for the excretory tract, C is for the digestive tract, and D is for the reproductive tract.
Arabidopsis is: (FBD. 2017)
(A) Tolerance to high temperatures (B) Absorption of water (C) Totipotency (D) Tolerance to salt
The hormones of plants that are found in coconut milk are termed (DGK, GI, 2017)
Auxin, cytokinins, gibberellins, and abscisic acid are the letters A, B, C, and D, respectively.
This led to the discovery of the first restriction enzyme: (FSD. 2018)
Kary Mulis (A), Hamilton 0 Smith (B), Sanger (C), and Maxam Gilbert (D) are the winners.
The following organisms are used to harvest the a-galactosidase enzyme, which has the potential to cure a human lysosome storage disease: (MLN. 2018)
(A) Plants of soyabeans (B) Plants of tobacco (C) Plants of sugarcane (D) Plants of corn
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